Argumentation Lecture Notes
- Argument: A set of reasons given in support of a claim.
- Conclusion: The claim intended to be supported by the argument is called the conclusion of the argument.
- Premises: The claims given as reasons for thinking the conclusion of the argument is true are called the premises of the argument.
- Start with general claims and conclude with specific ones.
- Derive conclusions based on an analysis of given information or definition (not experience)
- Validity: An argument is valid if the conclusion necessarily follows from the premises. If the premises are true, then the conclusion must also be true.
- Soundness: An argument is sound if it is valid and all of its premises are true.
- Start with specific claims and conclude with general ones.
- Predict the future based on past experience.
Persuasive arguments: start with premises commonly believed to be true.